What is Pedodontics?

Pedodontics covers the treatments to protect the baby teeth of children up to the ages of 0-13 and to the teeth in case of any problems. Children start teething after they are born. These teeth are not permanent. At this age, in later periods, the teeth fall out or are pulled out.

Dental treatments in children are more difficult than in adults. All dental treatments for children should be performed by a dentist. When there is any discomfort in the teeth and gums, they should be treated by my dentist. related examinations should be performed by visiting the dentist regularly every 6 months. If any problems are observed during the examination, treatment is started. In pediatric patients, thanks to early diagnosis, it is ensured that children do not have problems.

The most important factor in children's dental treatment is communication. In order for them not to experience fear or excitement, the dentist should establish communication well. Parents should have regular dental check-ups. The examination is completed by both a clinical examination and a radiological examination. The problem is identified during this process.

The Duties of Mom and Dad for the Healthy Tooth Development of the Baby

When the baby is 6 months old, the first teeth usually appear as two teeth in the lower jaw, in the front middle part, and these teeth are called the front incisors. These are baby teeth that are formed after birth.They are smaller, whiter and more spaced than permanent teeth. The process of development of teeth in infants may be different.The duration of eruption of teeth in infants may differ. It may be early for some, late for others. Even if the period of eruption of teeth is later than 10-12 months. Teeth that come out late are more resistant than teeth that come out early because they continue to use fluoride in the body.

·        The stages of development of babies' teeth should be checked.

·        Dental check-ups should be carried out regularly in children. There should be examinations for about 6 months.

·        Children should be given the habit of brushing their teeth and cleaning their teeth.

Cleaning Teeth in Children

Cleaning teeth in children is very important. It is necessary to prepare a clean and healthy ground for permanent teeth that come after milk teeth. Teeth should be carefully protected during extraction and the subsequent process. Healthy tooth development occurs thanks to both brushing and flossing and regular dental examinations.

Parents should teach children the habit of cleaning teeth. Babies' teeth can be wiped with a clean gauze swab. In the next process, 2.upon completion of the age, children can brush their own teeth. The choice of toothbrush should be done well. The toothbrush should consist of soft nylon bristles. This is important so that the teeth and gums do not hurt.

The Effect of Bad Habits on Tooth Structure in Children

Some habits in children negatively affect the development of teeth.

Finger sucking movement: It is observed in many children. This condition should be left after 2-3 years of age. Otherwise, the tooth structure will be negatively affected. Parents should intervene in these habits of the child.

Nail Biting: Children put pressure on the teeth with their nail biting habit and cause the teeth to deform over time.

Bottle caries: Brown spots may sometimes appear on the front teeth in infants. This means that the teeth are decaying. Depending on the use of baby bottles, teeth wear out and stain over time. At the same time, these stains lead to the growth of caries and the fracture of the tooth. It can also cause inflammation in the tooth. It causes the baby to be more restless.

Measures to Protect Children's Teeth

Crack Sealant: There are depressions and protrusions called pits and cracks on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth of babies. These indentations and protrusions can be sealed with the help of a putty. There is no pain or pain during this process.

Fluoride supplement: Fluoride toothpaste prepared by the dentist is given to the patient as well as drinking water. Teeth are protected by taking supplemental fluoride with the advice of a dentist.

Placeholder application: Placeholder application is performed until the permanent teeth, which will be replaced after the milk teeth are shed, come out. It may require orthodontic treatment. Placeholders can be stationary or movable. If the placeholder is not made when necessary, the teeth on both sides will fall into this gap. The tooth on the opposite jaw lengthens. In this case, orthodontic treatment is required.

Milk Tooth Problems That Can Cause Problems with Permanent Teeth

Caries or inflammation may occur on permanent teeth, usually due to impact or impact. Any problem that occurs in baby teeth can also be reflected on the permanent tooth. There may even be situations such as a change in the color of the permanent tooth.

Sometimes milk teeth may need to be pulled out. In such cases, a placeholder should be used to prepare the appropriate floor for the permanent tooth.

Treatment of Dental Problems in Children

Caries: It is a condition that is often found in children. A rotten tooth can occur for many reasons. If the tooth is in good enough condition, the caries is cleaned and sealed with filler. In some cases, root canal treatment can also be performed.

Impact: Children can break their teeth by falling. In such cases, you should go to the dentist for proper treatment. The dentist will apply treatment according to the condition of the tooth after the examination.

Tooth extraction: In some cases, caries can progress too far and reach the living area of the tooth. Inflammation can reach serious proportions. In such cases, the dentist will determine the appropriate method.

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